REED HOLMES
ďTHE FORERUNNERSĒ

May 18, 1982

 

(Names and other words that could not be transcribed exactly are in italics. Unknown voices are referred to as ďmanĒ or ďwoman.Ē Comments, explanations, and additional names are in parentheses.)
 

Man: (Indistinct words) the meeting of the Alexander-Crawford Historical Society. I realize that most of you are members. Iím sure - I hope Iím right that we have a few guests. I want to extend to you a very special welcome. Tonight I feel honored and fortunate to be able to introduce our speaker. Mr. Reed Holmes is a world traveler and an author. As Jane said, he has traveled from Missouri to be here tonight with us, but another thing which will endear him to you is the fact that he has strong ties in Jonesport, Maine and hopes to be back there before long. He has written several books. He has copies of two with him. One is ďThe ForerunnersĒ which perhaps is part of the background which he will use in speaking to you. Another book is ďIsrael, Land of ZionĒ and this is a text complete with very fine photos. Mr. Holmes has some with him and if you would like to look them over and perhaps purchase some after the program Iím sure he would be glad to have you. He will talk tonight - I think itís fascinating. I donít want to attempt to tell you the content of Reedís speech because I donít want to spoil it, but I will say that this trip from Jonesport to the Holy Land is one of the most fascinating books Iíve ever read and if you havenít read the book, ďThe ForerunnersĒ for goodness sakes get it and read it because you will find it is fantastic. The title of tonightís presentation is ďJonesport to Jaffa in 1866, Scandal or Success.Ē Iím pleased to introduce Mr. Reed Holmes.
 

Reed Holmes: Thank you very much for the invitation to be with you here. And to drool along with the rest of you at the chocolate cakes in back of me here. Would you mind dreadfully if I took my coat off.
 

Several voices saying no and other indistinct words.

Reed Holmes: Perhaps I should tell you a little bit about how I happened to write the story called ďThe ForerunnersĒ which is the story of George Jones Adams and the 156 people that went with him in 1866 to Jaffa from Jonesport. Not all of them were from Jonesport but most of them were from Jonesport, Indian River and Addison. Some of them were from New Hampshire, some from other parts of Maine. Why in the world did they go to what was considered by everyone at that time a land of desolation, had no promise left in it. That is, any venture that would be planned there would be doomed to failure. What would take a group of people from Maine to such a land at such a time. There must have some remarkable motivations back there some place. What happened that caused that group of people to just fail in their endeavor, or did they? Thatís still the question. I have come to feel that they did not fail in their overall endeavor, and things are going on over there right now that indicate that there was probably more of a success than a failure in that endeavor over 100 years ago. They were going over to assist in the return of the Jews to the land - to their land of promise, their land of Israel. They felt themselves to be part of the fulfillment of prophecy. They made extraordinary sacrifices. It was a brilliant idea and a brilliant endeavor, and yet there were things about it that just boggle the imagination. Itís almost - itís difficult to imagine what they did and how they did it. I first ran across the story in 1942 when I came to Jonesport. My family background is in Maine. I suppose that a lot of the Seaveys around here are my distant relatives although I donít know the exact connection with those Seaveys, but Seaveys and Wentworths and Smalls and Holmeses and Beans and Everlys and so on are all part of my family background, and yet I was unaware of that when I came to Maine. I landed in Jonesport. I stayed there for a winter, and that was an experience in itself, but I thoroughly enjoyed being with the people there and I began to hear stories about a group of people who had gone from Jonesport. And, yet it was very interesting to me, whenever the story would start to be told there would be people who would shut up like a clam, and I began to get the feeling that there were a lot of people that didnít want the story told - that they were ashamed of it - that there was something about it which was not very complimentary to their ancestors. And, it was a hush, hush thing. And, yet I was fascinated. And at the same time there were still some people living in the Jonesport area who had made that trip in 1866. There were three members of one family who had been children on that journey from the age of - well one of them was born over there when they arrived in 1866. The other one was twelve years old when they went and so - and the third one was, I think, about six when they landed over there. So, I went to the oldest of the bunch. Her name was by this time Tressa Kelly. She had a candy store on the main street in Jonesport, and I went to visit with her because I felt that her recollections would be more reliable than that of probably - of the boys (indistinct words) the boys because they were both in their eighties at that time - about 80. So, I had a date with a lady about 88 years of age, and I came away from that conversation with her with some notes that were so fascinating to me that I - well Iíll keep these and Iíll write an article for a magazine some time about this, little realizing that the time would come when the materials would begin to add to those notes until now there is - my basic file is about that deep in my file cabinet plus books that relate to the - to that period. That story that I heard that day and the (indistinct words) that she gave to herself when she was 16 years of age, I cherish in my own memory. Well, the central figure that I kept coming back to hearing no matter who was telling the story - whether it was Leonard Wilson who was the best story teller in town as they say - I suppose Lawrence Norton is now, but Leonard Wilson was then. The major character that I kept coming back to was a man by the name of G. J. Adams, and thatís what they called him, G. J. They told all kinds of stories about him. There was one fellow by the name of Tim Drisko who had always tried to tell the rest of the neighbors that he was a charlatan, that he was - he was duping them. And he tried every which way he could including one story which put him off in a field in back of Ballís Hill and he met the devil back there. And the devil said, ďI got you.Ē He said, ď Iíll give you three chances.Ē Iíll give you three chances. ďYou name something that I canít do and Iíll let you go free.Ē So he said after some thought, ďMove Moose Peak Light back up on top of Ballís Hill.Ē And the devil said, ďThatís easy.Ē And just like that the lighthouse was up on Ballís Hill. And, he said, ďYouíve got two more chances.Ē And, the second one, he said, ďWell, would you drain all the water out of - out of the reach clear out to where the lighthouse was. Just drain that whole thing.Ē And, the devil said, ďThatís easy.Ē And the first thing he knew there were fish flopping on the bottom of the - what was ocean, and Tim was getting worried. And, then he had an inspiration. He said, ďMr. Devil, you show me a bigger liar than G. J. Adams.Ē And, the devil said, ďYouíre free. Youíre free.Ē And, Tim was telling this in the midst of a church meeting, a prayer meeting, no less. Trying to get the people to understand what was going on. He was supported by George Drisko, the editor-journalist at the paper over here in Machias. He was supported by a number of others, but still people were going to go with this G. J. Adams, George Jones Adams. OK. Who was G. J. Adams? We need to know something about him if weíre going to know anything about this story. Why donít I just start there? Who was G. J. Adams? This man whose - and this is one of the things that (Indistinct name) used to tell about him. This man, whose eyes were set so close together he could look down the neck of a Johnsonís Liniment bottle without squinting. (Indistinct words) It almost makes your eyes cross (indistinct word). We know pretty much what he looked like even if we didnít have this photograph of him. Iíve got a photograph. (Indistinct words) One of those early photographs. There it is. Thatís the man that had all of that charm that caused the people to go with him on this remarkable venture. Listen to the description from that time in the Machias Union. That was George Driskoís paper. And, George Drisko didnít like G. J. Adams. ďG. J. Adams is of medium size, black curly hair, sharp dark eyes, intellectual forehead, Roman nose, lips that shut tight as a clamshell, showing great earnest if not absolute obstinacy. His countenance is Jewish and he claims to have a little Irish blood in his veins. He has an exceedingly glib tongue, and his quotations from the Holy Writ are always on hand. He appears to be some years older than Adam, hale and hearty and ready for any emergency.Ē Now, he could have (indistinct words) that description through (indistinct name) Bradbury who also described G. J. Adamsí wife. I wish I had a photograph of her. I really would like to know what she looked like. But, weíve got a pretty good idea. ďMrs. Adams is quite fat, very fair and has seen some 45 summers.Ē Now, remember that age. ďHer face is oval. Her neck is short, bust, full as a prima donnaís. Her eyes, dark blue and sharp. Her voice, pleasing. Her tongue exceedingly voluble and her command of language great. When not excited or angered by opposition, her conversation in intelligent, lady-like, and quite agreeable. But, oppose her peculiar doctrines and you stir up a hornetís nest at once. Her appearance is not so lady-like, and her tongue runs like a pepper-mill.Ē It did, too. When she read the description, he over-aged her by seven years. G. J. Adams was born in New Jersey in 1811. I made a mistake in the book and I had it 1813. G. J. was one of the Adams family who was very prominent in the development of the United States. There is very little known about his early life, but I think we can be reasonably certain that he was indulged by a doting widowed mother who probably fed his ego as she struggled to feed his body. He had at least one sister, Mercy, and possibly one other who became a Mrs. Stevens of Newark, New Jersey. I mention Mercy because some of you may be familiar with the Garden Theater and the name Tom Lynn. Now, Tom Lynn and George Adams were friends, and Tom Lynn married George Adamsí sister, Mercy. In the growing years of G. J. Adams, he grew less than others his age, and made up for it by being feisty and quick to anger. He learned early that an adversary could be subdued by words as well as by fists. As a young man, he was self-assured unless his own integrity was under attack. Then he was a small child again and he fought with sarcasm and invective. Soon after he had completed his apprenticeship as a tailor he responded to the (indistinct word) evangelism of Wesleyan revivalists, and in no time at all he was charming the multitudes as a Methodist preacher. He spoke in rented halls and theaters, filling them to capacity, and these were theaters in the largest cities of the country. He had a flair for dramatics. This helped him with his preaching. He really wanted to be an actor and a theatrical producer in Boston by the name of Purdy heard Adams preach and was so impressed by the way he could spiel off the scriptures by heart, and could hold attention, and express deep commitment, and he could move the audience from tears to laughter and back to tears again. And, so Purdy wanted him to be an actor, a Shakespearian actor, no less. He needed a drawing card for Shakespearís Richard the Third and he approached Adams and Adams was delighted. And, he did very well. Until the cast wanted to go out and have a party and celebrate. Adams knew better when they got to drinking toasts. He couldnít handle liquor, and he became roaring drunk. And, with that drunkenness, as with alcoholism. He was an early alcoholic. No doubt about it. He needed more and more and more, and they simply could not get him away from the bottle once he got onto it. And, so the play became very, very interesting. Theyíd douse him with salt water. Theyíd take him out and throw buckets of water on him. Theyíd try to get him sober and nothing seemed to work. They kicked him out after nine days, and the local editor called him a nine days wonder in published print. He promptly spotted the editor on the streets and felled him with one blow. He was a vitriolic chap if ever there was one. But, his wife, surprised with the whole thing, finally sobered him up. And, then he went back to tailoring, which is what he had been apprenticed as. Then the Mormons came to town. More from curiosity than anything else, he went to hear what they had to say and he was spell bound by their stories. And, a new enthusiasm was stirring in the breast of George Adams. This was a new beginning. He was baptized. He was ordained and the first thing you know, he is preaching as he said, ďI try to preach from three to five times each week and work with my own hands to support my wife and my son besides.Ē And, then in the fall of 1839 when Joseph Smith had dispatched most of his apostles to the British Isles, they were not only baptizing people but bringing them over to this country. He held back a certain man by the name of Orson Hyde from going. He wanted Orson Hyde to go to Palestine. Joseph Smith was very much disturbed about the fact that he felt that the Jews would shortly go back to Palestine from all over the world. He wanted Orson Hyde to go over there to see what the situation was and go up on the Mount of Olives and to dedicate the land for the return of the Jews. Orson Hyde went to New York City which was then George Adamsí home, and George Adams was completely enthralled by the story that Orson Hyde was telling. And, when Orson Hyde left New York to go to Jerusalem, he took George Adams with him. Now, George Adams didnít go the full way. He went as far as England, and those church administrators over there, and evangelists, decided they wanted to keep this spell binder. And so he stayed on. Orson Hyde went. Ok! Iím dragging this out a little bit because itís very important to see what it was that caused these people to go over to Jerusalem. Ok. Eventually Adams comes back after hearing all this story from Orson Hyde. Orson Hyde did go, and not too long ago I was in the office of Teddy Kollek. Teddy Kollek, the mayor of Jerusalem, sent an aide to another part of the office to get a document and what he brought and put in my hands was a copy of the prayer and prophecy that Orson Hyde had delivered on the Mount of Olives. And today there is memorial garden on the Mount of Olives in honor of this event. It is a very beautiful place. George Adams was completely enthused about his (indistinct words - noise on tape) Then Joseph Smith was killed by an assassin. Orson Hyde went west with Brigham Young. And, Preacher Adams was the only one that was left with the possibility of fulfilling. When Joseph Smith was assassinated, it was the end of the world for Adams and G. J. did what he had done before. He got roaring drunk. And for about 20 years, almost 20 years, he went back and forth between preaching and acting. Traveling with acting groups. Having his own troupe of players. Preaching in New York. Preaching in Boston. Preaching in Springfield, and always having a fuss with the local editors. That was especially true with Springfield, Massachusetts. They very nearly ran him out of town. Sam Bowles was the editor of the Springfield Republican. Ok. Hereís G. J. Adams. And again he getís lost. He just seemed to be making a go of it but he gets so fed up with this Sam Bowles that he remembers a certain pub in Boston, and he goes over and he gets drunk again. And, again the deal is lost, but not for so long because this time he really goes on the wagon. This is from 1861 and instead of dealing with the large cities he decides to fashion his own church which he is going to call the Church of the Messiah and he goes to (indistinct word) Maine. And, there he founds the headquarters of his Church of the Messiah. He moves down the coast preaching and he gets to Indian River and Jonesport and Addison and nobody responds to his preaching like the people there and within a few months he has congregations all over the place, and especially in those three towns. He starts a newspaper, and in that paper, The Sordid Truth, he starts telling them about the return of the Jews, the land of Palestine, that the time has come, that the Messiah will shortly come, that the whole thing needs to have somebody to be there to help. And in 1865, the leading merchant of Indian River, the postmaster, the leading merchant - heís got an ad in everything. He is real, a fine business man, Abe McKenzie. Abe McKenzie and G. J. Adams go to Palestine to scout out land, just like Joshua and Caleb did sent by Moses a long time ago. They even called themselves Joshua and Caleb. And, they came back and where everybody else was saying this is a land of desolation and no opportunity at all, they came back and said thereís all kinds of opportunity. And, itís going to be the beginning and weíre going to be at the foundation of this. And, weíre going to apply the leverage that will help to bring the Jewish people back from all around the world to reestablish Israel. They were ahead of their time, or maybe they were right on time - right on time. Because thatís what they proceeded to try to do. And, for a year, they got a ship ready, they got themselves ready, they got their supplies ready, and in August of 1866, on board Nellie Chapin which was built at Addison Point. They put prefab houses on board the Nellie Chapin with lumber from Whitneyville, hauled to Machiasport by (indistinct words) at the university, and they got on board. Thereís Machiasport. There are the wharves down there that - the historical society building is right there, - that one, I guess it is - and there are the wharves. There was steps going all around (indistinct words). Here is Machias back in those days. And, there are the wharves along - down below Helenís Restaurant on both sides of that little river just below the waterfall. There are wharves that go down there for about a half mile on both sides of the river. And, they took lumber from the Whitneyville area and they put it on board the Nellie Chapin which was a beautiful vessel and they made their way over to Jaffa. And there they put their - eventually after having had to - because the Sultan of Turkey wouldnít allow them to purchase the land right off, they were forced to camp on the beach. And, thereís the photograph of them in September of 1866, camped on the beach. You can see G. J. Adams out here under an umbrella speaking to the group. There are some more umbrellas because of the heat, and there is a group of ladies with their big skirts and there is a horse over here that they brought with them. Thereís one of those yawl boats from Indian River made out of good cedar from that area and they were waiting there. Thereís the doors that will go on their houses. Five minutes walk inland, they put up a community. They built over twenty houses and established a remarkable agricultural settlement. Now, the turning point for the Jewish people and their return was the point at which they began to purchase land and to go on the land and become the agricultural experts of the world. Youíve probably all heard about the kibbutz, the muchava, the agricultural communities which have been the basis of the development of modern Israel. But, who do you suppose built the first agricultural community. It was G. J. Adams and the folks from Jonesport and Indian River and Addison. And they farmed the area around to the north and to the east of Jaffa. They introduced the potato. They introduced flowers like hollyhocks. They introduced - -
 

TAPE TURNED OVER - PART OF TALK LOST

- - it was well based all over this area. (Indistinct words) And G. J. Adams was the brain in back of this. He didnít have the business sense. Abe McKenzie should have taken them over. Abe McKenzie stayed home instead of going, He was going to come the next year because they had another ship to build. They were going to take another 100 people over. He was lining up an export-import business so that they would take lobsters and sardines from Jonesport over to Jaffa and Jerusalem. And, they were building a second ship that would carry lumber for them from Whitneyville and that second ship was to be in coastal traffic along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean. He really was a remarkable, a very remarkable man. The colony itself failed. G. J. could not stand the gaff of the criticism of the group of the people that went. Besides that, they ran into a lot of difficulties including polluted water. And over - there were 19 of those 157 total - 157 people. There were 19 of them, many of them children, who died within the first six months. Now you just think of the bereavement in your own family sometime, and you multiply that by 19, and then the effect of family upon family, and there were at least 40 of those people in that colony who were of one family. The Burns family, Burns, Latham, Driscoll. Can you imagine the weight of sadness, the tears. Add the homesickness. Add the fact that when this whole bunch of Americans came in, everybody raised their prices. And, these people went over with an average amount of money of approximately $500.00. And, thatís all they had. Adams, himself, had invested about $5000.00 in the venture. Some folks had thought that he just took the money from everybody else and didnít (indistinct word). He invested about $5000.00 in the venture himself, and then borrowed another two to three thousand dollars which as things began to fail, he couldnít repay. And, his creditors began to hound him. And, the people - he called the croakers, (indistinct words) and there were others who were bereaved. And, the two consuls, the consul and the vice consul of the United States - neither one - these were United States citizens and he couldnít get any sympathy from them. What did he do?

Man: He got drunk.


Reed Holmes: He got drunk. (Laughter) And, being an alcoholic he got drunk today, tomorrow, tomorrow, and tomorrow, and this colony began to get - you know. And, he and his wife got into a tiff that broke out into the street from the house and his feet of clay began to show. And, a lot of the people said - what? Go home. And, they did. Most of them came home. Over twenty of them stayed, however. One of those was Rolla Floyd and he went - some of the workmen - a new road was going between Jaffa and Jerusalem. Imagine, a macadam road surface was being put from Jaffa to Jerusalem in 1868. Some of the people worked on that road and who do you suppose drove the first carriage with the first pay-load from Jaffa to Jerusalem? Rolla Floyd. A Yankee. And, he became the founder of modern tourism and modern tourism - tourism is the leading industry in Israel today. They did so well - if they had only waited for the Burns brothers for them to build a nine story hotel. If they had only waited a year or two, they would have been amazed at what would happen, because that colony became a hotel center for thousands. And, their three story building that they left before the first tourist season came (indistinct word) - season came round was the first hotel in that hotel center. The Park Hotel was built better just a little bit bigger. Peter Ustinov bought it. Ever hear of Peter Ustinov? His grandfather - in Jerusalem.

(Coughing and indistinct conversation with woman)

Reed Holmes: (Indistinct words) when the railroad was built from Jerusalem to Jaffa where he was supposed to put the station across the street from the colony. G. J. Adams said - even (indistinct words) said this - even before they went from Jonesport, he said, ďOne of these days where we are going to build will become the commercial center of modern Israel.Ē Whatís the city that is just north of Jaffa? Tel Aviv. And still, on the land across the street from the colony, just away from the center, thereís a colony, thereís a railroad station, and thereís the beginning of modern Tel Aviv. On land that was purchased about the same time as Adams bought this land, Baron Schleuss bought land across the street and it was on that land that Tel Aviv began. (Indistinct words and laughter) Ok. Hereís a picture of the house, which I havenít been able to find. Iíve got the lot number on it, and I want to see what happened to that house, but thatís the Adams house. Now, I think Iíll just -- (Indistinct words and sounds of papers - maybe pictures - being moved around.) What became the Hotel Thayer in Jaffa. American College in Jaffa. (Indistinct words) of L. J. Thayer. From 1867 until now, most of the offspring of the families who returned to America have lived under a sense of embarrassment and chagrin. They have felt that their forefathers were duped by a charlatan, but itís not so. The dream was based in prophecy which is still being fulfilled. Their venture was timely. If anything they were ahead of their time. Adams, his credentials and credibility were again the sincerity of his feeling of the immanent return of the Jews. It is to his credit that he perceived the dream of the centuries and lent himself to it. Unfortunately the tragic flaw destroyed his effective ministry when so many were vitally dependent on him. His failure did not destroy the dream whose time had come. As always God used a flawed person and when that person stumbled (indistinct words) so somebody else could pick up the torch and pass it on to others. Was the Jaffa colony a success or a scam? Probably both. But, one thing I know for sure. The venture of G. J. Adams and all that followed him to Jaffa cannot be counted as little people. They were indeed the forerunners of modern Israel. I was - I have been thrilled at the response of the people throughout Israel to the story. Most of the people there have not been aware of it at all. And, their response to it has been nothing short of remarkable. Here is the magazine supplement to one of the major weeklies in Israel. This one is November 27, 1981, and when the book and the author got into town, here was this page and a half spread. Thereís a picture of the colony on the beach. Here is the first house that was built, the first prefab house that was put up. Thatís the Mason cottage, right there. Hereís G. J. Adams. And, hereís some of the gentleman over here. (Indistinct words - sounds like he was describing pictures.) I had hoped that in the presentation of the book, that one - that the people in those families would feel that they had something to be proud of instead of something to be ashamed of. And, I have been delighted as the families have begun to come forward and begun to talk with each other with a candor and a sense of pride rather than a sense of embarrassment and shame about it. The other hope that I had was that with the story printed so that it could be referred to with all the information contained in it that something could be done about those buildings over there. There are - the buildings are still there, most of them. Built of wood - most of the buildings in Israel are built of stone. These are built of wood. Look at that green paint. Donít you wish yours would last over 100 years.

Woman: I wonder who made it.


Reed Holmes: It was right in here, somewhere in this area. Thatís Maine lumber. These are louvers from the shutters from that Leighton home. I picked them up because it was falling apart. And that house is now destroyed. Itís demolished. Canít preserve it, canít restore it. Itís gone. But there are 14 others there that Iíd like to see preserved, restored. And, in one of them, Iíd like to see on the first floor a museum and have that thing set up with furnishings and so on identical to what in 1866. Thatís been a dream of mine now for years. Can you imagine when I got to the office of a friend of mine who is the director of the museum of the history of Tel Aviv (indistinct word). And, she sat me down at her desk and she pulled this out and said, ďWhat do you think of that?Ē And thatís the architectís sketch, drawings of the proposed restoration of the colony from Jonesport as a cultural center. She said, ďAre you interested?Ē

Man: (Indistinct words) What are in those 14 buildings now?

Reed Holmes: People, or where people were, but they are in such bad repair that nobody can live in them. They are going to be bulldozed unless something happens, but this was authorized by the municipality of Tel Aviv. The drawings were. I get chills up and down my spine thinking about it now these thousands of miles away from over there. Well, thatís the world. Youíve got amazing stories in the state of Maine. Now, just a few slides to show you that Iím not just whistling up a storm here. Weíre talking about the land of Israel to which the Jewish people have returned. The nation of Israel has been reestablished after all these centuries of dispersion. Now, weíre talking about Jerusalem here, and Jaffa and Tel Aviv over here. This is an upgrade. It is only 39 miles from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv. Itís less than twenty from Jerusalem down to Jericho. Thatís the country weíre talking about right there. Ok, today the city of Jerusalem. Itís been there a long time but look whatís happening. New Jerusalem has gone way out beyond the walls of the old city of Jerusalem where the Temple Platform is and the Dome of the Rock which is a Muslim shrine which was built in 691 AD. It is the center of that Temple Platform, now. Most people, when they think about Israel, Palestine, the Holy Land, think of it as a desert place, and it was for a long, long time. And, you think of the Dead Sea not realizing that one of these days, this reservoir would become the source of fertilizer among other things from the phosphates. But, this is the vision that most people have of the land of Israel. And, for a long time, most of it was about as barren as those hills along the Dead Sea. But there are oases. Thatís still the Dead Sea, but look what happens when you put water to it. This is Jericho, the oldest city in the world. Thatís the wrong way round. It should be the other way, but this is the Sea of Galilee. And, I mention it because that is now the reservoir of Israel. And, you add water and itís amazing - as with these beautiful flowers. Wonderful flowers growing because moisture has touched the soil. The Israel valley is absolutely magnificent these days. Now, the people went from Maine to a land of desolation. It was - it had to take some time to get the thing rolling. They left, most of them, before one year was up and they left in the heat of summer. And, you can understand why. It was cool back home. And there was a friendly climate back home. Love it. Addison This is the Abe McKenzie home in Indian River. Thatís where G. J. Adams stayed. And, Abe and G. J. did an awful lot of talking. Then they went to Jaffa. They couldnít even get into Jaffa because of these ledges here, so they put the Nellie Chapin to anchor out here and took everything in on these yawl boats that they took, or the Turkish yawl boats that were already there, but they had to get from that ship out there through these ledges or around them to the shore. It took them three weeks to unload that vessel. And, think of the danger of putting those prefab units into the water out there and hoping they came to the right place on shore. This is where they landed. Thatís Jaffa. This was taken not too many years afterward. There they are on the shore. Notice this shoreline. Notice this point of land out there. See that point. This is where they landed. Thatís Tel Aviv. Thatís the tallest building in the Middle East. The colony is right here. They farmed right there. Hereís where they landed. Hereís the site of the colony. Thatís where those 14 buildings are still standing. (Indistinct word) structures. Here is where the McKenzie family farmed. Other farms were around nearby, but thatís where the McKenzie family farmed, right there and thatís that Shalom Tower - that tall building in the middle. Looking from that Shalom Tower, looking right down toward Jaffa, over there, you see some of those - see these red topped buildings over there, except for the church building which is right here, all these red topped buildings plus some others down in here and others over in back which are there - are all buildings of the colony. Here are some more of them over here. (Indistinct words) Thatís the one that I would like to put that museum in. This is the intersection. This is the Park Hotel of the Ustinov family. The Church of England has purchased this building and in their descriptive folder and their announcements they say that the reason they chose this building which was the first of this colony, this site, which was first occupied by a group of people from Maine is because this is the strategic center for them, for their work in Israel. (Indistinct words) again sometime. This is one of those buildings. Here are some of the prefab units over which they put - they applied plaster. This is the Leighton house, the first house that was built. These photographs - this photograph I took in 1977. Itís gone. It was gone in 1978. It was already then condemned. And, I took the shutter from this, right here, the base of that window, right there. Fortunately, I have a full shutter from another one of the houses that I will be able to make a coffee table for the house over in Jonesport. But, where would you expect to see that door?

Woman: (Murmured words.)

Reed Holmes: In New England. But, thatís in Jaffa. Where would you expect to see shutters? This modification - not six over six but four over four, which at that time was considered better than the six over six. It was difficult to get the glass larger. Ok. See how they have applied this when they realized what could happen. So they put the stucco over it. They chipped it in, cut it in with the ax to make it adhere to the Maine lumber. Imagine (indistinct words). One of the buildings as it looks today - in need of repair but itís there ready to be restored and preserved. This was Rolla Floydís office for a long time. I donít know how long we were suppose to be here tonight, but I have a hunch that weíve run out of time. Thank you very much for the opportunity to be here.